Why Successful People Read Personal Development?
- Michael Davis
BUILD YOUR KNOWLEDGE One of the primary advantages of reading these books is that you get a significant amount of knowledge. Because of this accumulation of information and its subsequent incorporation into your day-to-day activities and company procedures, you will, in the end, be able to perform more efficiently.
Do successful people read self-help?
Flickr/Maggie Osterberg You know what’s probably going to be sitting on the nightstand of a successful (read: wealthy) person, right? Books. But not just any books, as Tom Corley, author of “Rich Habits: The Daily Success Habits of Wealthy Individuals,” explains in his book “Rich Habits: The Daily Success Habits of Wealthy Individuals.” His study shows that people from all socioeconomic backgrounds crack their fair share of spines, but the primary distinction between them is that those with less financial success read for amusement, whilst those with more success read for the purpose of bettering themselves. Note that “wealthy people” are those who have an annual income of $35,000 or less and a liquid net worth of $5,000 or less, according to Corley’s definition. “Poor people” are those who have an annual income of $35,000 or less and a net worth of $5,000 or less, according to Corley’s definition. The following is a breakdown of the numbers: Comparatively, just 11% of wealthy individuals read for enjoyment, whereas 79% of those who are impoverished do so. Compared to those who are poor, 85 percent of wealthy individuals read at least two books linked to education or self-improvement each month, while only 15 percent of those who are poor do so.94% of wealthy individuals read some form of published news, such as newspapers and blogs, compared to only 11% of those living in poverty. According to Corley, the findings of his investigation led him to the generalization that “the overarching conclusion that I arrived in my study is that the everyday habits that you engage in will govern your financial success in life, and there are four or five significant ones.” He argues that one of these keys is to educate oneself independently. “The wealthy devour books and articles that teach them how to better themselves. They are reading books that help them better themselves, such as biographies, novels about successful individuals, and other such works.” In point of fact, Corley discovered that educational reading overlapped with a different success element called mentoring. After being questioned in an interview about his conclusion that just 24% of the affluent individuals he researched had mentors, he went back over the data and discovered that 93% of those who had mentors agreed with the statement that “My mentor was responsible for my success.” “The reason why the wealthy people without mentors said they didn’t have one was because they got their education through reading books and through the school of hard knocks,” says Corley. “The school of hard knocks” refers to the experience of failing repeatedly in an effort to improve one’s performance. More than half of these individuals were company entrepreneurs who had effectively mentored themselves by learning from experience and reading relevant material. In order to achieve this goal, Corley considers books to be one of his five types of mentors, the others being his parents, instructors, colleagues at work, and the proverbial “school of hard knocks.” Keeping in mind what Corley discovered, those individuals who are interested in enhancing their own reading lists throughout the summer may wish to have a look at the following: Josh Brown’s Favorite Books on Investing Charlie Munger Thinks Everyone Should Read The 20 Books That Charlie Munger Thinks Everyone Should Read About Investing 5 Books That Can Assist You In Making A Change In Your Career There are 11 Books About Finance That Every Young Person Should Read (And if you want to learn the equivalent of an entire summer’s worth of material in just a few minutes, be sure to check out this compilation of well-known business books that are each described in just one phrase.) Personal Finance Insider is edited by Libby Kane, who is the CFEI Executive Editor. Libby Kane, CFEI, is the Executive Editor for Personal Finance Insider, which is the personal finance section of Insider. Personal Finance Insider is the section of Insider that integrates affiliate and commerce partnerships into the news, insights, and advice about money that Insider readers already know and love. She has been awarded the Certified Financial Education Instructor (CFEI) designation by the National Financial Educators Council. [CFEI] [Certified Financial Education Instructor] She will serve as a member of the Insider Committe, which is a cross-team focus group that is focusing on making Insider an even better place to work, for the years 2021 and 2022. During her time at Insider, she managed many departments and teams, including as Strategy, Careers, and Executive Life. Her group at Insider has worked on a variety of initiatives, some of which include: • Women of Means, a series on women who take charge of their financial situations • Inside the Racial Wealth Gap is an exploration of the causes, effects, and potential solutions of the racial wealth gap in the United States. • Strings Attached is a series of essays from people who have left insulated communities and how that journey affected their relationship with money. • Master Your Money is a year-long guide for millennials on how to take control of their finances. • The Road to Home is a comprehensive guide to buying your first house. These are just some of the books that are available Additionally, Personal Finance Insider evaluates, discusses, and recommends various financial goods and services, such as the best investing apps, the best homes insurance providers, and the best travel credit cards. Aside from the realm of personal finance, she has written about a wide range of topics, including the business of pets, the harsh realities of adulthood, and why Chinese youngsters are so adept at mathematics. She was one of the people that helped create Insider Netherlands in Amsterdam in September of 2016. She is always interested in new and interesting research, compelling charts and other visuals, and people who are willing to share the details of their impressive financial accomplishments and strategies. She is also interested in people who are willing to share their own financial strategies and accomplishments. She had been the associate editor at LearnVest, where she covered personal and behavioral finance, before she started working for the organization in March of 2014. Please get in touch with me at [email protected] if you have anything you’d like to contribute. Find out more about the criteria that are used by Personal Finance Insider when selecting, evaluating, and writing about various financial goods and services » Sign up to have the free email newsletter from Personal Finance Insider sent to your inbox >> Continue reading Read much less. Deal icon A graphical representation of a lightning bolt as an icon. Keep reading Loading It appears that something is loading. More: The Practices of Wealth Reading The Intelligent Investor
Why is reading personal development important?
Since the dawn of time, when people first discovered the power of the written word to communicate their ideas, there have been books on our world. Even in the oldest civilizations, when there was no such thing as printed paper, humans nevertheless found ways to record their ideas by writing on natural substances such as stones, leaves, and other items.
- Both the format of books and the practice of reading have changed significantly over the course of several centuries; nonetheless, the primary advantages of reading have remained mostly same.
- Reading is a wonderful pastime that may help one grow personally, as seen by the myriad of advantages it offers.
The various advantages of reading have been brought to light by several self-improvement groups, with ‘Self Development Secrets’ being one of the most notable of these organizations. Through its many blogs, inspirational quotations, and other insightful pieces, this website devoted to self-help offers a wealth of knowledge on the subject of personal growth.
- Reading books may be beneficial in ten different ways, and one of those ways is that it can contribute to one’s personal growth.
- These ten methods are highlighted in an article titled “The Benefits of Reading Books,” which was published by Self Development Secrets.
- According to the information presented in that article, the following are the top three ways that reading books may improve both your physical and mental health.1.
Reading is a great way to de-stress and relax. The steadily rising levels of day-to-day stress that humans are exposed to have already arrived at a point where they are a source of concern for society as a whole. Reading is one of the most straightforward methods of relieving stress, despite the fact that there could be various other options available.
When you pick up a book at the end of each day, not only are you able to escape the horrors of the day, which is especially helpful if the day has been difficult, but you are also able to relax, which allows you to have a more restful night’s sleep. One of the most significant phases in the process of achieving self-development is being stress-free.2.
Raise both one’s level of knowledge and humility When you read more of the appropriate literature, you will pick up more information as you go along. When you have access to the vast resources of the internet at your fingertips at all times, you do have the ability to obtain information; but, the majority of the time, the sources of this information are not credible.
- If the writers of the books you are reading are well-known, then you may have faith that the information you are reading in those books is accurate.
- The sense of becoming a more modest person is one of the side effects of gaining more information.
- The fact that you are becoming a more receptive person who is constantly willing to learn and contribute more is reflected in the developing nature of your character.3.
Improves Your Cognitive Skills Reading is something that can be done by anybody, and if you read the correct kinds of books, your brain can grow by gaining access to a wider vocabulary as well as other perspectives, locations, cultures, and languages.
Reading is something that can be done by anyone. Reading on a regular basis not only makes you smarter but also helps you take your intelligence to the next level by enhancing your creative capabilities. Reading helps your brain operate in such a manner that it may become more efficient, which in turn provides you with greater clarity about the world and about yourself.
When you have a good understanding of who you are, you are well on your way to achieving the loftier goal of self-actualization. Pick Up a Book If You Want to Improve Your Health. It makes no difference what types of books you initially start reading or how many hours a day you commit to reading.
- The only thing that really counts is whether or not you read.
- If you are just beginning to read, I recommend beginning with something quick and exciting, like a suspense novel.
- When you start to get into reading more seriously, you can gradually begin to explore more areas of the written word, including fact and fiction, until you find something that appeals to your taste.
However, even when you do find something that does, you should continue to read a variety of books in order to keep your mind open. Reading is certainly a winner when it comes to both entertainment and personal development, and if you make it a habit, you will be astonished at how quiet the television in your room gets.
Why is reading associated with success?
Many individuals believe that success is the consequence of fortunate circumstances, good fortune, or luck. Even while luck plays a part in achievement, those who are generally seen as having the most success have a number of consistent behaviors. Reading is not merely a pastime for many of the most successful individuals in the world; rather, it is a way of life for them.
The most successful individuals in the world are avid readers, and this includes everyone from corporate executives and political figures to celebrities and average Joes. The average day for Warren Buffet includes roughly eight hours devoted to reading. One of his favorite books is called “The Intelligent Investor” and it was written by Benjamin Graham.
Mark Cuban consumes more than three hours’ worth of literature on a daily, nearly consistent basis. In his book entitled “How to Win at the Sport of Business: If I Can Do It, You Can Do It,” he made the following statement: “To this day, I feel that if I put in enough time consuming all the information that is available, particularly with the internet making it so readily accessible, I can get an advantage in any technology business.” Every day, Albert Einstein spent many hours reading literature on mathematical and scientific topics.
- Abraham Lincoln was a man of independent study.
- Once, I overheard him saying, “Everything I have learnt, I learned through books.” A handful of history’s most well-known people who were also avid readers are Jane Austen, Theodore Roosevelt, and Queen Elizabeth I.
- Many influential persons in today’s society, such as Barack Obama, Richard Branson, Bill Gates, Brené Brown, Sheryl Sandberg, Oprah Winfrey, Mark Zuckerberg, Reese Witherspoon, and J.K.
Rowling, often discuss the books they read in public. You’ll be able to locate some of the books that they recommend right here. Reading a lot makes perfect sense when you stop and think about it. If you don’t know anything about other successful individuals, it might be challenging to achieve your own level of success.
Reading has been shown in an increasing amount of study to be important for acquiring knowledge, making improvements, and fostering personal development. Reading provides you with opportunities to be exposed to new ideas and ways of thinking, and it also helps you create fresh views. Additionally, it enables you to expand your skill set, make improvements to yourself, and speed up your personal development.
Reading on a consistent basis is one of the most beneficial habits you can cultivate, but not everyone has the time or the enthusiasm to read on a daily basis.
How many hours do billionaires read?
Every day, Mark Cuban puts in more than three hours of reading time. Reading is something that Arthur Blank, one of the cofounders of Home Depot, does every day for two hours. Billionaire entrepreneur David Rubenstein reads six novels a week. Reading is a daily activity that takes up between one and two hours of self-made millionaire and Cleveland Cavaliers owner Dan Gilbert’s time.
How does reading impact academic success?
Why reading every day is beneficial to a student’s academic performance – Reading outside of school hours has been linked to improved performance in all grades, which should be enough to convince you that it is beneficial for children to read on a regular basis.
However, if this is not enough to convince you, research has consistently linked reading outside of school hours to this benefit. Students who read on their own are more likely to have higher levels of reading comprehension, verbal fluency, and general knowledge than students who do not read on their own.
They improve as readers, score higher on performance exams across the board, and have stronger subject matter understanding than their classmates who don’t read. For example, a research that was conducted in 2016 investigated the influence that reading for pleasure had on academic achievement in a variety of topic areas.
- The writers came to the conclusion that students who read books that they chose for themselves out of personal interest fared significantly better in English, mathematics, science, and history.
- As was said by the authors: “Reading enhances students’ ability to think critically and increase their reading comprehension abilities, both of which are advantageous in all of the academic domains that were tested for this study.
However, the advantages of reading for pleasure are not limited to the confines of the classroom. Reading helps students develop abilities that are transferable into adulthood, where they may contribute more successfully in the workplace and in society.” They highlighted the fact that the teachers who were questioned for the research “unanimously agreed that reading for pleasure was a vital component for academic and future success.”
Are readers more successful in life?
If you feel as though you are reaching a plateau in your professional life, it might be time to take up a book. Reading, in any form, may assist strengthen the “soft skills” that companies seek for in potential employees. These talents include the ability to work well with others, communicate effectively, and solve problems creatively.
- The authors of an article titled “What Reading Does for the Mind,” Anne E.
- Cunningham and Keith E.
- Stanovich, state that “good cognitive outcomes” are often the result of a person who reads for pleasure on a regular basis.
- When you make reading a pastime over an extended period of time, you are, in a nutshell, enhancing your mental capacity and broadening your information base.
It’s possible that reading more books makes people more successful in their jobs overall. This is why: They are skilled writers. People who read a lot are more likely to pick up on the techniques of the trade of a writer, regardless of how frequently they write themselves.
- Instead of having to commit difficult literary concepts and syntax to memory, readers typically have an innate understanding of how to correctly organize a sentence, a paragraph, and even more complicated units of writing.
- Communication abilities are a highly coveted soft talent that are generally needed by employers across all sectors.
Writing skills are an essential component of communication skills. They are sensitive to the feelings of others. After finishing an excellent book, the reader will be compelled to pause, ponder, and reflect after finishing the book. On the other hand, if the reader felt that the book did not live up to their expectations, they would frequently try to determine and investigate the reasons why they did not like that specific read.
Emotional intelligence is another in-demand soft talent that is greatly sought after in today’s work market. These practices of self-awareness and introspection are important components of emotional intelligence. They have a greater creative capacity. Reading broadens our perspectives and provides us with new ideas.
Those who spend time reading about new advancements in their field or getting lost in the imaginary world of a novel are both spending time discovering new things and expanding their horizons. Because of this, one’s creative potential is increased, which is always a benefit in any professional position.
They’re skilled problem solvers. In order for a tale to be interesting, it has to provoke questions in the reader’s mind that they desire to have answered. This is what keeps the reader turning the pages: frequently, he or she is thinking many possible outcomes and is anxious to see if their solution fits up with what really occurs in the story.
These routines hone the ability to solve problems, which is crucial for helping professionals navigate the challenges they face on the job. They have excellent verbal skills. The research conducted by Cunningham and Stanovich includes a table (Table 2) with a list of terms that are seldom used in spoken language but are frequently seen in written language.
- By comparing the language that readers are exposed to with the vocabulary that non-readers have access to, these examples aim to demonstrate the increased vocabulary that readers are exposed to.
- As a result of being exposed to a wider variety of words in this manner, readers often become more articulate and are able to portray themselves in a more professional manner.
They focus on the end result. A number of readers frequently establish personal reading objectives for themselves. These objectives might range from anything as broad as “read 50 books this year” to something more specific like “complete chapter 10 before bed.” In any case, they improve their ability to create goals for themselves, which is a talent that is essential in any line of work.
- They are linked to other people.
- It takes empathy on the part of the reader to care about what happens to the people in the stories they read.
- In most cases, they are not actual persons with whom the reader has a profound relationship; rather, they are often fictitious characters who have no bearing on the reader’s life in any way.
This kind of empathy is one of the key players in interpersonal skills, another set of skills that, like communication skills, is crucial to effectively communicating and collaborating in the workplace. Interpersonal skills are a set of skills that, like communication skills, are crucial to effectively communicating and collaborating in the workplace.
Why do billionaires read a lot?
Read not simply for pleasure but also to further your education. Photograph by Oli Scarff / Getty Images While I was getting ready for work the other morning, I happened to catch an interview that was being broadcast on Good Morning America with E.L. James, the author of “Fifty Shades of Grey.” When the host brought up the information that James’ book had sold 165 million copies all around the world, I must admit that I was slightly taken aback.
- As I reflected about that idea, my first state of shock turned into one of dismay.
- It dawned on me that the majority of people merely read for pleasure and not for the purpose of gaining knowledge.
- On the other hand, wealthy people tend to read educational literature.
- During the course of my research for the Rich Habits Study, I spoke with 233 affluent people who had at least $160,000 in yearly gross income and $3.2 million in net assets.
Of these 233 people, 177 had amassed their fortune via their own efforts and became millionaires. According to the findings of my study on the wealthy: 85 percent of people read at least two books every month for pleasure or educational reasons.63% of people used their commute time to educate themselves by listening to audio books.88% of people read for at least 30 minutes per day for the aim of education and learning 58% of respondents polled said that they read the biographies of notable successful persons.51% regularly read historical works.55% read self-help books Only 11% of wealthy people read for pleasure on a regular basis. Billionaires like Warren Buffet, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg all spend a significant amount of time each day reading for the aim of acquiring new knowledge. In a nutshell, those who are wealthy have earned their wealth because they are willing to put in the effort that is necessary for success.
And reading for the sake of education is a component of that labor. You are one of the 99% of people who merely read for amusement purposes. Reading for the purpose of education puts you in the top 1 percent of all students. The road to success isn’t always an easy one. It is a process that demands you to perform specific things every day in order to make progress toward realizing your aspirations and attaining the objectives that lie behind those dreams.
Why The Most Successful People Don’t Do Personal Development
One of the steps in this procedure demands that you read for at least half an hour every day, with the express intention of gaining educational knowledge. If you disregard a single step in the process, the whole thing will fall apart. The books “Rich Habits: The Daily Success Habits of Wealthy Individuals” and “Rich Kids: How to Raise Our Kids to Be Happy and Successful in Life” were both written by Thomas Corley, who is also the book’s author.
- The books “Rich Habits: The Daily Success Habits of Wealthy Individuals” and “Rich Kids: How to Raise Our Kids to Be Happy and Successful in Life” were both written by Thomas Corley, who is also the book’s author.
- Continue reading Read much less.
- You may read the first version of the article on Contributor.
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Why do millionaires read?
1. They read in order to better themselves. – 2. I’ve always had a voracious appetite for books. On the other hand, I’ve realized that reading isn’t just something I love doing for fun. It was undoubtedly one of the most important factors that contributed to my achievement in life.
- For instance, as an entrepreneur, maintaining a regular reading habit assisted me in developing into a more powerful and successful business owner and leader.
- Reading is one of the best ways for the typical millionaire to develop personally and professionally.
- In point of fact, research conducted by Thomas Crowley found that 85 percent of self-made billionaires read at least two books every single month.
Even if there is a place and a time for reading for pleasure, most billionaires prefer to read books that teach them how to become better versions of themselves. This encompasses subjects such as how-to guides, biographies, self-help, leadership, and even current events.
How reading is connected to success?
This post may include affiliate links, which means that I may receive a commission if you decide to make a purchase after clicking on one of my links, even if it will not cost you any extra money. There are a great number of courses, both online and in other formats, that promise that upon completion of the program, students will be equipped with all they need to achieve success quickly and painlessly.
- People who are seeking for guidance on how to follow their dream and become successful want to know whether they can’t obtain the same input by reading the appropriate books.
- These people are questioning whether or not they can get the same input.
- Reading literature is not, in and of itself, going to guarantee your success in life.
Reading, on the other hand, raises one’s chances of becoming successful. Reading gives you the opportunity to gain insight into the successes and failures of others. It not only makes you smarter but also more creative, innovative, and intelligent, all of which assist you reach success more quickly.
Are early readers more successful?
EVANSTON, Ill. – Children who enter kindergarten with skills in elementary mathematics and reading have the greatest chance of experiencing later academic success, regardless of whether or not they have social or emotional issues, according to the findings of an educational study with a scope that is unprecedented in its breadth.
According to a researcher from Northwestern University named Greg Duncan, “We find that the single most important factor in predicting subsequent academic success is that children begin school with a command of early arithmetic and reading skills.” [Citation needed] Skills linked to attention, albeit to a lesser extent, have also been shown to reliably predict accomplishment.
But what surprised the researchers the most was the apparent lack of association between social and emotional behaviors and later academic learning. This lack of association held true for boys just as much as it did for girls, and it held true for children who came from wealthy families just as much as it held true for children who came from families with lower incomes.
- “Children who engage in aggressive or disruptive behavior or who have difficulty making friends end up learning just as much as their better behaved or more socially adjusted classmates,” said Duncan, the primary author of the study.
- “Provided that they come to school with academic skills,” said Duncan, “they wind up learning just as much as their better behaved or more socially adjusted classmates.” We are unable to determine whether or not their behavior has an impact on the academic performance of other youngsters.
The findings of the study, which were published in the November edition of Developmental Psychology, are based on an examination of previously collected data from over 35,000 preschoolers located in the United States, Canada, and England. According to Duncan, who is the Tarry Professor of Education and Social Policy at Northwestern University and a Faculty Fellow at the Institute for Policy Research, “the paramount importance of early math skills” is one of the puzzles that came out of the study.
“Beginning school with a knowledge of numbers, number order, and other rudimentary math concepts” is what Duncan meant when he said “the paramount importance of early math skills.” The mastery of early mathematical concepts on the child’s entry into school was found to be the single most powerful predictor of the child’s future academic success, regardless of factors such as intelligence, family income, gender, temperament, type of previous educational experience, or whether the child came from a single parent family or a family with two parents.
According to Duncan, “mastery of early math abilities not only predicts future arithmetic accomplishment, but it also predicts future reading achievement.” [Citation needed] “And it does so with the same level of reliability as early literacy mastery of vocabulary, letters, and phonetics does in predicting later reading success.” Reading ability is not a reliable indicator of success in mathematics, contrary to popular belief.
The suggestions made by expert panels of early mathematics and literacy specialists align with the findings of this study about the significance of early academic and attention abilities. The authors of the study did not do any analysis on curriculums. Duncan stated that “certainly we are not recommending that preschool programs forgo play and impose monotonous ‘drill-and-practice’ curriculum.” “Play is very essential to the development of young children,” “The development of intellectual and attention skills may be fostered in ways that are engaging and exciting via the use of play-based curricula that are created with the developmental requirements of children in mind.” The authors of “School Preparation and Later Success” used six longitudinal studies to test a child’s school readiness abilities and behaviors when the kid joined school (around the age of 5), as well as measurements for the child’s later academic achievement between the ages of 7 and 14.
The Center for the Analyses of Pathways from Children to Adulthood at the University of Michigan, which is a Developmental Science Center sponsored by the National Science Foundations, provided financial assistance for the research project.
What is the biggest predictor of reading success?
When you think of the word “cat,” what is the first sound that comes to mind? Now, replace the “c” sound with the “m” sound. What shall we say at this time? These are some examples of exercises that we do to focus on developing phonemic awareness. Our knowledge is expanding to include the realization that each word may be broken down into its component phonemes, which are separate sounds.
- The level of phonemic awareness a youngster possesses is the single most important factor in determining how well that child will read in the future.
- Reading is a skill that requires a foundation in phonemic awareness as the first step.
- The progression of language is something that has always piqued my interest as a speech-language pathologist.
When my kid was first born, I was completely awestruck by every every grin, coo, sound, and gesture. I’m sure you get the idea. A kid will begin to demonstrate signs of typical language development almost immediately after birth. Young children quickly get attuned to the sounds of whichever language or languages they are around.
- They begin chattering in chains of noises that are longer and more varied than before, and then they begin to say their first words.
- Children eventually acquire the grammar of their language and apply it to the expression of more complex word and sentence structures as their vocabulary expands.
- This allows them to communicate ideas in a manner that is more sophisticated.
The concepts that can be grasped and communicated through language also become more complicated. The only direction to go is up! The connection between language and reading skills is something that we as parents and educators need to be aware of. As a person’s reading abilities improve, the many aspects of language development come into play, including phonology (the study of sounds), vocabulary, grammar, and pragmatics (the acquisition of social skills).
- Phonological abilities are one of these, and they play a role in the early acquisition of letters, sounds, and words.
- Phonological development often takes place implicitly during the process of language acquisition, however this is not always the case.
- The ability to recognize and produce the individual sounds, or phonemes, of a particular language, as well as a comprehension of the rule-based system that governs how these phonemes are combined to form words, are the building blocks for phonological abilities.
Phonemic awareness is, you guessed it, one of the most important phonological skills for beginning readers to develop. Phonemic awareness is a skill that has to be taught to children through early literacy experiences and direct instruction. Early readers have the ability to listen to and think about the sounds of their language, as well as recognizing the different sounds that make up words, when they practice reading in this manner.
- Understanding the alphabetic principle of written language requires a person to have the capacity to pay attention to the words that they say and hear, separate those words into their component sounds, and then put those sounds back together again.
- Children who have a better understanding of phonemic awareness are better able to establish the link between seeing letters and “sounding out” words in the reading process.
Phonological abilities are sometimes challenging for children who have delays or deficiencies in speech, language, hearing, or auditory processing. These children may also struggle with other aspects of speech and language. As a consequence of this, individuals are likely to experience a larger degree of difficulty when it comes to learning phonemic awareness and reading.