Why Does A Development Project Take So Longer Than A Personal?
- Michael Davis
There are several factors that might cause a project to fall behind schedule or even to fizzle out completely. Even the most effective project managers have a tendency to diverge from putting few corrective steps in place after each toll gate, despite the fact that the majority of attention is focused on delivering the product on time.
- If you are trying to keep track of two or more tasks at the same time, you may find that you have less time to devote to the productive aspects of taking on a job.
- Analyze!! Are all of the necessary members of the ‘crew’ now on board? It is usually preferable to bring on board people who already have the hands-on expertise of completing projects on schedule as opposed to taking on people who are newer to project management or have less experience in PM.
The majority of the time, the business case and the business needs are not well specified during the first stage of the project. This is the primary cause of why projects take longer than expected. In most cases, this is the result of inadequate communication between the customer and the individuals responsible for implementing the project.
- To find a solution to this issue, make certain that both the customer and the implementers go through each feature in great depth.
- This will ensure that the requirements are specified precisely how they should operate.
- by SAHL HIJAZI , Purchasing Manager , BINZAFRAH GROUP In the year 2008 Dear Rami, Firstly, there is a lack of professional communications; secondly, there are conflicts between multiple parties (for example, in the government sector); thirdly, there are financial issues (a deficit of budget as a result of professional costing); fourthly, there is discipline; fifthly, there are many other reasons.
Thank you very much for your invitation. You mean to mention the completion of the project, right? One of the primary reasons might be the timely provision of financial support or the unexpected relocation of resources! The majority of the time, this takes place.
- Continue to move resources to other projects, putting the project that is now in progress at a higher risk while giving the impression that it is nearly finished and that important tasks have been finished.
- authored by Ali Arsalan, Senior Implementation Consultant at Deyafa Systems In the year 2008 My primary concern is that there is a breakdown in communication, as well as a lack of interest on the side of either party.
Dear Mr. Ramzy Zakher, The most significant component is defining the scope of work and the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS), but we also must not neglect to include risks planning inside the project. Writing a success narrative for the project is one way to demonstrate effective communication with project stakeholders, which is an important consideration.
- I really hope that my response is helpful, especially considering that the scope of any project need to be decided before it ever begins.
- I concur with the response that Mr.
- Salauddin Mohammad provided.
- According to what he says, some of the causes are as follows: Enhancement of operational capabilities The practice of gold plating while ignoring quality control Calendars that are much too optimistic Trying to do an excessive number of jobs all at once Mediocre personnel Because of Poor Design, Customers Do Not Complete Agreements authored by Salauddin Mohammad, Senior Manager of Software Development at Aspen Technology, Inc.
In the year 2008 Enhancement of operational capabilities a coating of gold ignoring quality control and safety measures Calendars that are much too optimistic Trying to do an excessive number of jobs all at once Mediocre personnel Because of Poor Design, Customers Do Not Complete Agreements The “all-problems-can-be-solved-with-one-solution” mentality, etc.
based on my experiences, I believe that when a company fails to meet the ideal or the goal, or even doesn’t achieve the aim for any projects, that failure is due to the company’s failure to conduct a feasibility study for that project, which in turn will lead to the completion of fewer projects overall, and it is not a matter of the company failing to make more revenue, which in turn will cause the company to miss the opportunity to make new investments or any new additions to the company’s value.
written by Raafat Sallam, an organizational development and training consultant who works with marketing organizations and training centers. In the year 2008 Relatively, it is dependent on the following factors: 1: the level of hazards 2- Essential capabilities (3) Powerful management 4- Common understanding According to Hossam Azzam, the Manager of a Fast Food Restaurant in Alexandria, Egypt, the 5-Required Level of Quality is Present.
Why do projects take longer than expected?
In most cases, this is due to the fact that it is quite simple to allot time allowances to all of the activities that have been thought of, but the activities that have not been thought of are the ones that consume the additional amount of time. On the other hand, there is a propensity to be optimistic in order to avoid the possibility that the project will not be authorized, or “tight timetables” are used as a way to keep the pressure on the team working on the project.
Why does software development take a long time?
The expectations that we have for our product continue to rise. In spite of the fact that we are using an increasing number of third-party tools and libraries to develop our software—something that ought to make the process of developing software simpler—we are continually raising the bar for what we want from it.
- This factor alone has nullified a significant portion of the advantages.
- If we were still trying to create web applications from the year 2000 using contemporary techniques, we would really be witnessing advances in productivity in software building that were at least 10 times more than what they are now.
However, things are always changing, and the requirements that customers and organizations place on software are progressing at an ever-increasing rate. Twenty years ago, our expectations of what software could achieve were substantially lower than they are now.
- And as we have been building these larger apps that are packed with more features, we have had to adapt the way that we create software in order to maintain these applications dependable, useful, and intelligible.
- Over the past twenty years, there have been a lot of shifts in the business as a whole, and here are just a few instances of those shifts: Control of the source code Although source control has been there since the beginning of time, it has not always been as widespread as it is now.
Do you not believe this adds an unnecessary layer of complexity? You should inquire about the experience of a young engineer who is utilizing Git for the first time. Testing That Is Done Automatically – We have implemented a great deal of testing and testing tools.
- We also provide integration testing, unit testing, and acceptability testing, among other types of testing.
- This results in the addition of a sizeable amount of unintended complexity to the project, but also has the advantage of guaranteeing that the final software product is of a high quality and performs as specified.
Dividing it up – The number of possible connections and interactions between components in a system rises at a rate that is proportional to the square of the complexity of the system. This means that at some time in the future, if software isn’t correctly built, these interactions will continue to expand until the program collapses under the weight of its own complexity.
When systems are broken up into smaller pieces, particularly if they are spread across a network, a great amount of unintentional complexity is created. Specialization: As the complexity of web applications has increased, we have begun to implement a significant amount of specialization in our processes.
In the year 2000, it was not at all unusual for a software engineer to design the user interface (UI), create the UI, and build the backend of an application. However, in the year 2020, this is only one of several positions that are available. A UI designer, a UX designer, frontend software engineers, backend software engineers, and a DevOps engineer will often make up the members of a team that is tasked with developing a web application.
- People with even more specialized knowledge in areas such as security, architecture, data management, data science, and so on can be found working in larger organizations.
- Because of all of these additional responsibilities, we are now able to develop software at a much bigger scale; yet, the tools and procedures that are necessary to coordinate teams of this size bring an enormous amount of complexity that was not intended.
Infrastructure automation: In order to construct environments that are larger and more complicated in order to run an increasing number of applications, we have started automating their construction and maintenance. This allows us to develop more of these environments.
- This not only makes it possible for us to manage environments at a larger scale more simply, but it also brings in an entire suite of tools and the necessary expertise to do it efficiently.
- Because of the potentially enormous amount of additional complexity that may be introduced by some of these tools, DevOps has evolved into a distinct function on most big teams.
Frequent deployments Because of the increasing size and complexity of systems, we need to deliver in smaller chunks in order to lower the level of risk. In order for us to achieve this goal, we have implemented the ideas of continuous integration and continuous deployments into our processes.
- Again, this is fantastic for delivering software at a large scale, but it introduces unintentional complexity from the multiplicity of tools and skills that are required to design and manage these pipelines.
- Multiple forms and configurations of gadgets – We used to be able to declare that our program was being utilized on a few different known resolutions inside a single operating system.
However, this is no longer the case. Now, our apps need to be able to function on a wide variety of platforms, including desktop computers, laptops, and mobile devices. It is not uncommon for us to have native mobile applications in addition to online applications.
Why do software projects get delayed?
Time, Resources, or Scope – Every project, regardless of whether it’s software or anything else, resides on one of these three axes of project management: time, resources, or scope. If you want to create a large project that has a lot of features, you are going to require a lot of time, a lot of resources, or both.
- You can’t do it without either one.
- On the other side, if you want to complete a project in a short amount of time, you will likely need to severely limit the project’s scope and invest a significant amount of resources (both money and manhours) into the project in order to bring it to a successful conclusion.
These three pillars of project management are intertwined and cannot be separated. When the scope of a project is expanded to include “just one more item,” it is necessary to adjust either the delivery date or the quantity of resources that are allocated to the project.
The requirements for software projects frequently shift throughout the course of their development, and additional functionality is frequently introduced without adjusting the delivery date to account for the increased amount of labor. When a customer asks for one more element to be added to the project, a good software development shop will be honest about the trade-offs involved.
While delaying a deadline is something nobody wants to do, it is important to acknowledge that any competent software development business needs to do this.
What do you do when you sense a project is going to take longer than expected?
Take ownership of your time. From this point on, I want you to begin thinking about how you use your time in a different way. To become aware that you are the sole proprietor of your time! You truly have the ability to choose how much time you devote to particular activities, projects, individuals, and responsibilities.
- Now is your chance! Nobody will be able to take it away from you until you give them permission to do so.
- In other words, take control of your time or risk having it control you! It could be difficult to see how this tactic might benefit you in any way.
- Especially if you are a student at an advanced level of education, such as a master’s or doctoral program, and you frequently get the impression that you are not your own person since everyone wants a piece of you and your time.
However, you may start to feel more in control of your time with only a few little adjustments to your mentality, along with consistent practice and self-discipline. And after you have mastered it, you will experience an incredible sense of freedom as a result of this! You will discover that you are able to meet your deadlines on time, or even early, and that you have more time for the activities and people you like spending time with.
How long do software development projects take?
When it comes to my own software, how long should the development process take? – The creation of bespoke software that is both fully functional and secure for your company’s needs may be an effective method for addressing a wide variety of issues that are highly particular.
Because bespoke solutions are developed to fulfill specific requirements, it will take a proportional length of time for software programs, suites, and packages of this type to conform to the requirements of your company. The length of time necessary for the creation of software is susceptible to being affected by a wide variety of external variables.
Having stated that, conventional Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) models typically consist of anywhere from five to seven stages, each of which has a unique time schedule associated with it, as will be demonstrated in the following paragraphs: Planning and Necessary Conditions – anything from two to four weeks Two weeks are allotted for design and architectural work.
- Three to eight months will be spent on development and coding.
- Two to four weeks are allotted for the implementation.
- Testing and upkeep might take between three and six weeks.
- Production: at least three weeks in length As was just demonstrated, the overall average time required for the creation of bespoke software is normally between four and twelve months.
Having said that, it is essential to bring to your attention the fact that, according to research conducted by KPMG Information Technology, 85 percent of software development projects end up running behind time.
How long does a programming project take?
Software Development Lifecycle in 9 minutes!
The conclusion is that the design and development of software projects typically take between four and nine months on average. The size and complexity of the project are the greatest variables in overall length. When any of the following conditions are met, a project is seen as being huge or as having a higher degree of complexity: Involves 25+ screens Including both a user application and a gateway for administrative functions.
Multiple operating systems are supported (web, tablet, phone, iOS, Android, Windows Phone) Compatible with a number of different systems (security systems, payment gateways, CRM systems, ERP systems, HR systems, etc.) Involves the transfer of data from a more outdated system Complex business logic is involved Has extensive reporting obligations entails the usage of either a data warehouse or a data mart The following is a list of a few more elements that may have an effect on the timeframe of a project.
A Project Manager’s responsibility includes keeping an eye out for any problems of this nature so that they may be minimized as soon as they are discovered and the project can continue on its current trajectory. Alterations made to the project’s criteria or design after it has already begun Delays that occur while interacting with other parties, such as the inability to get technical documentation, credentials to test systems, or help on technical questions Incomplete or ambiguous system design due to missing requirements Direction that is inconsistent from a number of different stakeholders Using the most recent technological advancements Fixing faulty data or missing data in a data transfer
Why are software engineers so slow?
The development of slow software is smooth, while the development of smooth software is quick. – Image by KEHN HERMANO on Pexels.com Developing high-quality software and doing it just once is the most efficient way to develop software. When software development attempts to move at a quicker pace, more mistakes are made, and the overall quality suffers.
- Taking shortcuts results in inferior quality, and the accumulation of technical debt makes things move more slowly.
- Because developing software is a game in which you can only lose, you generate momentum by minimizing the number of blunders, faults, and errors you make.
- Software development is often misunderstood, and focusing on quality is the quickest method to get code into production.
Creating software is more like running a marathon than a sprint; therefore, the most effective strategy is to make steady progress towards the end goal. You’ll be in the lead for the first five minutes if you sprint, but you’ll end up in second place overall.
- The accuracy with which developers estimate the judgments that will be made on projects is on par with that of a dart-throwing horse but far lower than that of a knife-throwing badger.
- Even if software projects are over half-an-hour late on average, the news nevertheless comes as a surprise to everyone.
Developers have a hope that one day, the production of software will go beyond meeting unrealistic project time limitations, that short cuts will be frowned upon, and that the solution to all of these issues will not be to work on the weekends. In its place, continuous development and a motto focused on producing high-quality software were implemented.
- The most surprising things are project choices and initiatives that are abandoned.
- Efforts that are made in desperation to meet the deadlines hasten the progress of failing initiatives that are moving in the direction of a wall.
- Software development initiatives provide the ideal environment for the germination of bad judgments.
Haunted by early estimates that were developed using high-level criteria, but which quickly change and expand as the project progresses. You win a software project by submitting the proposal with the lowest price, but you undersell the advantages and oversell the cost (time and money).
- If you wanted to get an accurate estimate of the amount of time necessary to complete a delivery, you should utilize the opposite strategy.
- The initial project plan is acting like an impossible anchor on the project, causing it to move at a glacial pace.
- It is not the creation of a feasible project plan that is the objective of the bid; rather, the objective is to win the bid.
The requirements at a high level will be met by the project plan, and the deadline for the bid will be met. When everything goes up like the Death Star in Star Wars, the salespeople have already spent their commissions and are nowhere to be found. The endeavor rapidly falls behind the unrealistic pace, much like a runner who starts out on Sunday morning with the intention of breaking the Olympic record for a marathon.
- The project almost immediately runs into a difficult situation.
- Its goal is to maintain the unattainable project plan while simultaneously delivering the software that the company requires.
- This doesn’t work, it’s like putting an egg in a CD player and expecting it to work.
- During the process, you discover both needs that are lacking and requirements that are necessary, and the high-level requirements evolve into correct low-level requirements.
During the holiday season, the range expands more quickly than the waistlines of the majority of individuals. At this stage, developers are operating on the assumption that the project will develop a new plan to either extend the deadlines or reduce the scope sufficiently to meet the delivery deadline.
These are the only two clear choices available to someone with a sensible mind, the kind of selection that a developer would make. This is a method that makes a lot of sense. That is exactly why something like this should never occur during the development of software. When it comes to a software project, emotions and hope, not rationality, are what drive decision-making.
The completion of the project within the allotted time frame is the primary incentive for project directors. The need to complete the assignment on time prompts short-term thinking, which includes the search for easy victories and short cuts. Software development is frequently misunderstood, yet quality assurance is the quickest and most trustworthy approach to getting software into production.
Developing software without using any shortcuts is a time-consuming process. The mindset of the Navy SEALS is beneficial since they employ it when they are being fired at. The opposite of slow is smooth, which is fast. If you try to move a software project along quickly, you will end up making more mistakes, which will cause it to go more slowly overall.
The incentives are to deliver the project on schedule, and those who don’t understand software development will attempt activities that seem to speed up the project because they don’t understand how software development works. Why our efforts to speed up IT projects don’t succeed and how we strive to speed them up Increase the population. Work weekends Reduce quality. Reduce the number of tests. Adding more workers to the project won’t make a difference because it takes a month to train new starts and the increased communication overhead will cause the project to move more slowly.
- People eventually wear out and get exhausted as a result of working longer hours on a constant basis.
- Software development is a loser’s game, therefore cutting corners on quality causes the project to go more slowly.
- When errors are discovered in environments other than the one in which they were initially developed, they slow down the entire team.
Quick solutions save a little bit of time right now, but they end up costing more time in the long run. It is not the objective of software development to crank out low-quality code as rapidly as possible with the knowledge that it will require maintenance in the future.
Why do projects fall behind schedule?
First published on Thursday, the 15th of June, 2017. Construction projects are known for consistently running behind schedule around the globe. This will invariably cost both the customer and the contractor money, and it also has the potential to tarnish both parties’ reputations in a bad way.
To complete the project later than was initially intended may result in increased costs being incurred by both parties, and the contractor may even be required to pay a penalty for completing the project so late. When a delay occurs, the usual course of action for a contractor is to load extra resources in the goal of regaining some of the time that was lost.
However, if the actual reason for the delay is not initially determined, this solution could not even be helpful. In point of fact, adding additional resources might possibly result in an increase in the delay as well as the related expenditures, especially if they are not the appropriate resources.
- In most cases, the length of time that the initial problem continues to exist contributes to the magnitude of the delay, which in turn reduces the amount of time available to regain control of the original construction deadlines.
- A well-prepared construction schedule that is also kept up to date on a consistent basis is essential to the success of any major construction project carried out in the modern day.
This discipline allows for the early discovery of project slippages and the provision of opportunity to alleviate delays through corrective action. The fact that a construction project runs behind schedule can be attributed to a variety of factors, some of which are discussed in the following paragraphs.
- Inaccurate time estimates: predicting the amount of time required to complete a project is one of the most important aspects of project planning.
- Estimates that are too low are the single most important factor that contributes to project delays.
- Estimates that are inadequate can occur for a number of different reasons, including a lack of expertise, subjectivity, lack of coordination, or even just when judgments are made without the appropriate level of granular knowledge of what is precisely involved.
Within the on-site construction crew, there is a clear grasp of the building plan: It is simple to make a sharp turn in the wrong direction if the team does not comprehend the plan in its entirety. Although it is vital to have a complete Gantt chart, the issue that is frequently ignored is how the information should be delivered to the site crew.
- a deficiency in information: It is essential to one’s success to have access to the appropriate information at the appropriate moment.
- In order to handle this issue, it is vital to have a timetable that is appropriately connected with the activities of design, procurement, and construction.
- Inadequate communication: misunderstanding the needs of key stakeholders and failing to communicate with them in a clear and timely manner.
A report outlining the project’s progress and any potential setbacks should be distributed to stakeholders on a fairly consistent basis. In the event that there is a holdup, the group ought to meet together as soon as possible to discuss the matter, identify the root of the problem, and devise a solution.
- It is possible to get off to a bad start with a project if the scope is not defined properly and excessive expectations are established for the work to be completed.
- This phenomenon is known as “scope creep.” Due to a lack of funds: The inability to make timely payments to contractors or to obtain the necessary materials for a task at the appropriate time can have a significant influence on the timeline of a project.
Collaboration that is limited includes not including the main stakeholders in the project at an early stage and not cooperating with them throughout the lifespan of the project. A modification in the project’s scope has the potential to swiftly derail it in these circumstances. Strata Project Solutions is a reputable company that offers services in the field of building planning. We utilise our expertise in planning to effectively implement a variety of construction projects in Ireland, Europe, and the Middle East, beginning with the tender stage and continuing all the way through the completion of construction and handover.
What is the effect of delay of the project?
The occurrence of a delay in the construction projects is widespread, and it affects the progress of the work in a substantial and numerous number of ways. The purpose of this study is to analyze the common factors that contribute to delays at various phases of construction and the impact that these factors have on Ethiopian building projects.
- Data were acquired from 77 individuals selected via purposive selection from the various contracting companies by using a questionnaire that had 52 causes and 5 consequences of delay.
- The participants were asked to fill out the questionnaire.
- The relative importance index (RII), as well as the correlation coefficient, were the approaches that were utilized in this research.
According to the findings of the comparison, the impact of the delay may be broken down into three stages: the construction stage, the pre-construction stage, and the post-construction stage. The analysis of the relation in the construction process shows that the average or overall level of relation is high, that the construction stage is the second most related, that the post-construction stage is the third most related, and that the pre-construction stage is a very small part of all stages.
- When it comes to the overall and average reasons of delay, all phases are on level with one another.
- Accordingly, the influential causes of delay investigated are corruption, the unavailability of utilities at the site, inflation/price increases in materials, lack of quality materials, late design and design documents, slow delivery of materials, late in approving and receiving of complete project work, poor site management and performance, late release budget/funds, and ineffective project planning and scheduling successively as distinctive to the Ethiopian construction industry.
The most significant consequences of the delay that were looked at were cost overruns, time overruns, contract termination, arbitration, and litigation in that order. Although the research is being done on building projects in Ethiopia, the findings can potentially be applied to construction projects in other nations and further studied.
Why is making software so hard?
It largely revolves around unspoken presumptions. What a typical day looks like at the workplace The creation of software is challenging for many different reasons: Because of the rapid advancement of hardware technology, developing ever-more complicated software is both possible and desirable.
There is a quick production of new languages, libraries, and frameworks, as well as new versions of existing ones. Many other programming paradigms have come and gone throughout the years, much like bell bottoms and hemlines. Coordination and communication between members of the team become more important as the size of the application rises.
Requests for features are frequently vague in their phrasing. There’s no reason to continue with this. These are all obvious issues that each and every software developer is aware of and worries about, but I’m going to argue that they don’t tell the whole picture.
The most significant issue is that each and every application contains unstated presumptions that were not explicitly stated. I’ve come across a number of solutions that are quite intricately developed and make an effort to be resilient in any circumstance. However, for the majority of us, the notion of YAGNI, which states that You Ain’t Gonna Need It, comes into conflict with sophisticated type systems, finely calibrated access control, documentation (!), and parameter-checking.
You Are Going to Need It (YRGNI?) at some point in the future, but you are not going to require it right now (YRNGNIN). This is especially important to keep in mind while designing new apps for a market that is already saturated. In the words of Tamerlane, it is preferable to be on time with ten features rather than late with ten thousand.
- In light of the fact that you may rely on fewer presumptions in your work as a systems engineer or the inventor of a popular programming language or library, you are saddled with a far greater amount of responsibility.
- The vast majority of us either do not bear the entire weight of that obligation or we pass that weight of responsibility on to other people.
Additionally, if you are building software for a medical equipment or a rocket, then even moderate failure rates can be disastrous, despite the fact that they cannot be totally eradicated. During the descent to the moon, the Apollo 11 lunar lander, which is considered to be the pinnacle of technological achievement, emitted many program alarms.
- Failures will, in nine out of ten cases, be the result of breaches of the assumptions that were established by the program team (or, just to spread the blame around: the marketing team).
- The majority of programs, on the other hand, are susceptible to over-engineering, missed deadlines, and difficult-to-modify code if developers try to anticipate and plan for every imaginable potential failure.
Since the cost is greater than the advantages, implicit assumptions are formed, most of the time without any conscious attention being given to the matter. Why? Because these assumptions are “implicit,” which means that they are not specified in lines of code, it is easy to overlook them while doing an estimate.
When new features are added, assumptions are frequently modified—sometimes explicitly, but also as a result of side-effects to code that you hadn’t even considered looking at. Application and system security is an excellent illustration of the chaos that may be caused by implicit assumptions. A never-ending stream of security updates are being released for programs that made excessive assumptions.
However, the vast majority of us depend on other individuals to carry out our research and due diligence on our behalf. If you are a developer who uses NodeJS, you most likely rely on the node package management, also known as npm, to notify you whether or not a module successfully passes its audit.
Is it hard to build software?
The creation of software is a rapidly expanding area that is anticipated to be of much greater significance in the future than it is right now. According to the findings of the Global Developer Population and Demographic Study conducted by Evans Data Corporation, the total number of software developers working throughout the globe is anticipated to reach 27.7 million in the year 2023.
If you are interested in being a member of this expanding workforce, the primary question that will most likely be on your mind is the following: Is it difficult to become proficient in software development? Is it challenging to work in software development? To be quite honest, the field of software development is not an easy one to enter into.
However, success may be attained if one makes use of the appropriate instruments, resources, and, most importantly, effort. This article will walk you through the fundamentals of software development and provide you with some resources that will assist you in getting started in this fascinating and lucrative field of work.
Why is software development a work in progress?
There are indicators in the code that the programmer had meant (or is intending) to execute some work, but that this work has not been finished, and this status is denoted by the acronym “Work In Progress.” The absolute least that a work in progress indication does is waste the time of maintenance programmers by contributing to misunderstanding, which in turn wastes their time.
- In the worst case, it can signal that some feature is lacking, which could subsequently lead to problems with the software.
- There are three sorts of work that are now being done that are quite easy to spot: WIP-1: Vague “To Do” A note has been left by a programmer either for themselves or for a colleague stating that a certain amount of work needs to be completed.
On the other hand, it is abundantly evident that the job has not been completed, and there is no indication either of when or why the work has to be completed. WIP-2: Code to be Disabled The code has been developed, but the programmer has disabled it, also known as shut it off, without explaining why it has been disabled, when it will be enabled again, or whether it will be enabled again at all.
WIP-3: Statement Block with No Content The statement block or placeholder has been left without any content by the coder. When a programmer develops a program from the top down, he will frequently begin by outlining the structure of the program in the form of statement blocks and then fill in the content of each block as he works on the program.
This is called the top-down approach. Therefore, the presence of an empty statement block is an indication that there may be some missing logic and that some further code may be necessary. Additional Categories of Defects: Currently Under Construction Programming with a Structure One Centralized Location for Maintenance Concerns Raise Their Heads Regarding Offensive Programming The following are examples of defect indicators for “work in progress”: WIP-1 Vague “To Do” WIP-2 Code That Is Not Enabled WIP-3 Statement Block with No Content