What Personal And Contextual Factors Can Promote A Teen’S Identity Development?
- Michael Davis
Development of Adolescent Identity: Considerations Regarding Change Factors – The process of coming into one’s own is one of the significant and fascinating transitions that occurs during the adolescent years. Developing a sense of identity is one of the most important aspects of being a teenager, and our young people are now engaged in the process of doing so.
- The identities of young people are influenced by a variety of circumstances, including their families, the cultural and societal expectations of their communities, their interactions with institutions such as schools and the media, and their friendships.
- In addition, young people actively participate in the formation of their identities through taking actions and making decisions.
They pick the settings and people they want to be with and surround themselves with. They make adjustments to both their beliefs and their conduct based on the input they get. And while they are striving to figure out who they are, they mull over all of this information and think on it.
- The interactions that adolescents have and the feedback they get from others both play a role in the formation of their identities.
- It is possible for adolescents’ identities to shift as they progress from early to late adolescence and as their brains continue to mature during this period of life.
- It’s possible that your preteen or teenager isn’t doing all of these things, but here are a few ways they could be changing as they search for answers to the question “Who am I?”: Early Adolescents, Ages 11 to 14, Include: The need and desire to define oneself apart from their place in the family in a variety of different ways Raise one’s own level of self-awareness in relation to their status as a member of a peer group (for some, navigating where they fit into the social landscape may take time and involve multiple changes) Develop a degree of adaptability in terms of how they show themselves in various settings.
Consider how people view themselves while making personal decisions and giving priority to their own ideals. Develop a heightened attention to the comments and criticisms of others, particularly your peers. Middle Adolescents (14-18): Start imagining their own unique identities as adolescents and their places in the greater world.
- Actively investigate the many options for your adolescent’s identity by trying on a variety of hats to determine which one works best for you.
- Consider oneself and one’s opinions in relation to more overarching social and cultural categories such as gender, race, and religion.
- Adopt tougher stands on matters pertaining to society, ethics, and morality.
Improve their sense of consistency in how they view themselves across a variety of settings and social settings. Late Adolescents (18-24): Consider yourself more deeply in terms of adult responsibilities and the ambitions you have for your work. Think about them in the context of the close relationships you share with other people.
- Start bringing your idealistic ideals of who they may become into harmony with your more true awareness of the world around them.
- Can make firm commitments to one’s own identity as well as the identities of social groups (such as gender, ethnicity, or religion), yet fresh experiences can lead to further investigation and change.
As young people experiment with various ways of presenting themselves, it is critical to have an open mind.
How do we develop identity?
The process by which individuals come to build a sense and understanding of themselves within the framework of cultural expectations and social norms is referred to as identity development. This is a complicated process. Historically, the formation of an individual’s identity has been regarded as the primary developmental task of adolescence.
This transition from dependence in childhood to growing responsibility for one’s own needs, interests, drives, aspirations, and desires in adulthood is referred to as “coming into one’s own.” As children develop physically, socially, and psychologically, there is a corresponding shift in the way that they think about themselves in relation to other people.
This shift requires a cognitive rearrangement. The developmental indicators for adolescence have gotten more convoluted as a result of sociological and historical upheavals, which has resulted in the demarcation of adolescence being more difficult to identify.
- In addition, although identity formation is commonly thought of as a stage that occurs throughout adolescence, it is really a continuous process that carries on into adulthood.
- During this stage, an individual establishes an identity within a wider and more fluid cultural framework.
- Changes in a person’s body as a result of puberty, for instance, as well as shifts in sociocultural context as a result of war or the civil rights movement, changes in individual role responsibility as a result of parenthood or divorce, and changes in cognitive processing as a result of aging, all lend support to a view of identity formation that takes place over the course of a lifetime.
In addition, cultural elements including color, ethnicity, gender, class, and sexual orientation all play a role in the creation of an individual’s identity as they transition into adulthood and continue to do so throughout their lives. Historiographically speaking, psychological theories of identity development may be traced back to Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual stages of development.
These phases reflect the underlying motives and impulses that shape a person’s sense of self. However, according to Erich Fromm, identity is more malleable than Freud portrayed it to be. According to Fromm, identity involves not only an awareness of oneself as a separate individual, but also a sense of agency and self-efficacy in one’s own actions in the context of social group norms.
Freud characterized identity as being stable. A view that identity formation begins prior to adolescence, when the development of a sense of self that is separate from parental figures begins and extends into adulthood, when agency and a sense of self-efficacy may be challenged with new life roles, is supported by Fromm’s perspective.
- This view is also consistent with the view that identity formation begins prior to adolescence.
- The disparities between Freud’s and Fromm’s seminal theories have resulted in two distinct perspectives on the formation of identities in contemporary theories.
- These perspectives are the structural stage models of identity development and the more fluid and nonlinear sociocultural models of identity development.
Both of these perspectives are divergent from one another. Erik H. Erikson is widely regarded as the most influential researcher in the field of identity development due to the compelling conception of development that he developed over his career. Erikson presented a psychosocial model of identity formation, which drew from fields such as anthropology and social ecology.
- This model was an extension of Freud’s psychosexual model of identity development.
- He was one of the first theorists to examine the formation of personality as a process that occurs across a person’s whole life, and he established eight developmental phases that begin at birth and extend throughout the entirety of a person’s lifespan.
Each of the stages brings with it a new set of “tasks,” or conflicts, that have an effect on the continuing procedure of identity formation. The development of psychological resources, which are the basis for a completely integrated sense of self, is the result of having the ability to successfully resolve disputes at each of the stages.
- Despite the fact that tasks related to identity development are experienced throughout the course of a person’s life, identity development has traditionally been seen as the fundamental psychosocial job of adolescence or, to use Erikson’s terminology, identity against identity uncertainty.
- According to Erikson, a person’s concept of who they are as an individual develops during their adolescent years as they begin to combine the experiences and inner motivations they had as children with the possibilities, abilities, and societal ideals they have encountered.
Within the context of this model, the primary objective of this stage is to establish a reliable and genuine sense of one’s own identity. The acceleration of adolescents’ psychological, physical, and social individuation from their families is a key factor in the stimulation of identity formation in these young people.
What are three characteristics of establishing an identity?
Which three qualities are essential to the process of building an identity? determining one’s place in the world, experiencing a sense of belonging, and recognizing one’s individuality are all aspects of self-definition.