What Is The Three Levels Of Personal Moral Laurence Kohlberg Development?
- Michael Davis
The Theory of Developmental Change by Kohlberg By Saul McLeod , revised 2013 According to Kohlberg’s thesis, there are three phases of moral growth, one for each of the three degrees of moral development that are proposed to exist. Kohlberg proposed that humans progress through these phases in a predetermined order and that moral comprehension is tied to cognitive growth.
The preconventional, the conventional, and the postconventional stages of moral reasoning are the three levels of moral reasoning. Kohlberg demonstrated that the thought process behind a child’s decision was a more accurate reflection of their level of moral development than the decision itself by analyzing the replies children gave to a series of moral conundrums.
Piaget’s (1932) theory of moral development was something that Lawrence Kohlberg (1958) agreed with in principle, but Kohlberg sought to extend his views even further. He told them stories using Piaget’s approach for storytelling in order to present them with moral conundrums.
In each scenario, he posed a decision that must be made, such as between the rights of some authority and the requirements of some deserving individual who is being treated unfairly. One of the stories written by Kohlberg in 1958 that has gained the most notoriety is the one about a man named Heinz who lived in Europe.
The particular form of cancer that Heinz’s wife was suffering from was terminal. The doctors thought a new medication would be able to rescue her. The medicine had been found by a local chemist, and the Heinz company tried very hard to get some of it. However, the chemist was demanding ten times the amount of money it cost to create the drug, which was far more than the Heinz company could afford to pay at the moment.
Even with the assistance of his family and friends, Heinz was only able to raise fifty percent of the required amount. He broke the news to the pharmacist that his wife was ill and requested if he could get the medication at a reduced price or if he could pay the remainder of the bill at a later date.
The chemist did not agree, citing the fact that he was the one who had developed the medication and intended to profit from it. Later that night, the husband broke into the pharmacy and grabbed the medication since he was so intent on reviving his wife that he was willing to do anything.
How many levels of moral development are there according to Kohlberg?
The Three Stages of Moral Development According to Kohlberg – Kohlberg’s study resulted in the identification of three stages of moral development. There were a total of six stages in the game, with each level consisting of two stages. People move through each step in the order listed, with the thinking required at each new level taking the place of the thinking required at the stage before it.
What are the three levels of moral development in psychology?
Level 3 – Post-Conventional – The last level, known as post-conventional morality, is often attained in early adolescence or young adulthood; nevertheless, there are some people who are unable to advance to this stage. Both Stage 5 and Stage 6 are included in this level’s make-up.
- The “morality of contract,” “individual rights,” and “democratically accepted legislation” are the focal points of Stage 5, which is the stage’s primary focus.
- Individuals who have reached this stage place a high emphasis on the will of the majority and the prosperity of society.
- Even if people who have reached this level are aware that there are situations in which human need and the law are in conflict, they continue to hold the belief that it is for the best if people just comply with the law.
When individuals have reached Stage 6, they are more concerned with the “morality of universal ethical standards.” At this point, people act in accordance with their own moral standards, regardless of whether or not their actions break the law. At this point, people act in accordance with the morality that they have absorbed for themselves (Papalia, Olds, and Feldman 376).
- Scroll to Continue Kohlberg questioned the legitimacy of Level 3 since so few people reach this level.
- However, he later postulated an extra seventh stage, which he termed as the “cosmic” stage.
- In this stage, humans are able to evaluate the influence of their actions on the cosmos as a whole (Papalia, Olds, and Feldman 377).
The phases of moral growth proposed by Lawrence Kohlberg The Wikimedia Commons website.
What is the difference between Piaget and Kohlberg’s Moral Development Model?
While he was working on his PhD, Kohlberg got interested in Jean Piaget’s theories about the stages of moral development in children and adolescents. These theories were the basis for Kohlberg’s stages of moral growth. His investigation focused on young men in the United States.
The two phases of moral development proposed by Piaget served as the foundation for the six stages proposed by Kohlberg (Bookrags). Piaget’s model of moral development and moral reasoning has some similarities to Kohlberg’s, although Kohlberg’s approach is more complicated. The theory of Kohlberg accounts for three distinct stages of moral thinking.
Kohlberg distinguished three distinct stages of moral development, labeling the first as “Pre-Conventional morality,” the second “Conventional Morality,” and the third “Post-Conventional morality.” There are a total of six stages, one for each of these levels, which are each separated into two phases (Papalia, Olds, and Feldman 375).
What is moral reasoning according to Kohlberg?
Postconventional morality is covered at the third level. The third stage of moral growth is known as postconventional morality, and it is distinguished by an individual’s comprehension of universal ethical principles. The protection of life at any cost and the value of human dignity are two examples of these nebulous and poorly defined principles, but there are many others.
Moral reasoning is grounded on individual rights and justice, whereas individual judgment is founded on the ideas that an individual has self-selected. According to Kohlberg, this is the highest degree of moral thinking that the majority of individuals are capable of. Only 10–15 percent of people are capable of the type of abstract thinking that is required for stage 5 or stage 6.
(post-conventional morality). That is to say, the majority of individuals form their moral beliefs based on the opinions of others in their immediate environment, and only a small percentage of people consciously consider and formulate their own ethical ideas.
- • This is the fifth stage, and it deals with the social contract and individual rights.
- The kid or individual realizes that even if rules and laws may have been established for the benefit of the largest number of people, there are instances in which they will act against the advantage of certain people.
The answers are not always black and white to the questions. For instance, given the predicament that Heinz is in, it is more necessary to avoid breaching the law against stealing than to save someone’s life. • Step 6: Understand the Universal Principles.
At this point in time, people have established their own personal code of ethics, which may or may not align with the legal system. The ideas are universally applicable. For example, concerns regarding human rights, fairness, and equality. The individual is going to be ready to take action to protect these ideals even if it means going against the majority of society in the process and having to suffer the penalties of going against society’s norms, which might include being imprisoned.
Kohlberg expressed skepticism that very many people reached this stage.