What Are The Three Levels Of Personal Moral Development Proposed By Lawrence Kohlberg Quizlet?

What Are The Three Levels Of Personal Moral Development Proposed By Lawrence Kohlberg Quizlet
Terms included in this group (3)

  • A line of thought that predates mainstream morality. A conception of morality that takes into account outcomes, including both punishment and reward.
  • The standard line of moral reasoning. thinking that is founded on a desire to please other people or to obey the standards and ideals that are generally recognized.
  • The postconventional logic of morality self-chosen moral standards.

What are the 3 levels of moral development according to Lawrence Kohlberg?

A number of questions, such as the following ones, were posed by Kohlberg: 1. Should Heinz have stolen the drug? 2. If Heinz did not love his wife, how would it affect their relationship? 3. What if the person who was passing away was a complete stranger? Would that change anything? 4.

If the woman were to pass away, should the police investigate the pharmacist for possible murder? By analyzing the responses of children of varying ages to similar questions, Kohlberg intended to get insight into the ways in which people’s moral reasoning developed throughout the course of their lives.

The sample consisted of 72 males from Chicago who were between the ages of 10 and 16 years old; of them, 58 were tracked at three-yearly intervals over a period of 20 years (Kohlberg, 1984). A two-hour interview centered on the 10 predicaments was conducted with each of the boys.

Kohlberg’s primary focus was not on whether the boys thought the conduct was appropriate or inappropriate; rather, he was interested in the reasons that they gave for their conclusion. He discovered that the children’s responses to these questions tended to shift as they grew older.

Kohlberg distinguished between three separate stages of moral thinking, which he referred to as preconventional, conventional, and postconventional. Each level is divided into two separate stages. Only in the sequence in which they are stated may anyone advance through these levels.

What is the third stage of Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of moral development quizlet?

According to Kohlberg’s thesis, the third and greatest level of thinking is known as postconventional reasoning. At this point, one’s sense of morality comes from within. Two stages make up the postconventional level of morality: stage 5’s social contract or utility and individual rights, and stage 6’s universal ethical standards (stage 6).

Which of Kohlberg’s stages of moral development involves a personal moral code?

Kohlberg’s 6 Stages of Moral Development

In which of Kohlberg’s stages of moral growth does the formation of a personal moral code take place? D) A personal moral code is an essential component of each of Kohlberg’s phases.

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What is an example of Kohlberg’s theory of moral development?

Stage 2: Individualism and Exchange During this stage, one may witness how youngsters begin to acquire the opinions that they have been taught, but they also become aware that there are other points of view for every subject. Because every individual is unique, they will naturally have a perspective that is tailor-made to their own areas of interest.

Using the scenario we discussed earlier as an illustration, one may get to the conclusion that “he may believe that it is proper to take the medicine, but the pharmacist would not.” The second stage is characterized by a significant emphasis placed on the trading of favors and can be encapsulated by the well-known marketing phrase “what’s in it for me?” At this age, children are not driven by feelings of friendliness or respect; rather, they are motivated by the personal benefits involved.

If a parent asks their child to accomplish a task around the house, for instance, the youngster may inquire as to what the advantages would be for them personally. At this point in a child’s development, parents frequently become aware of the “you scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours” mentality and give a reward, such as an allowance.

What is the final level of Kohlberg’s model and moral development quizlet?

What are the several phases of moral development, according to Kohlberg’s theory? The theory of Kohlberg may be broken down into three levels, each of which consists of six steps. The initial stage is known as Pre-conventional, the second stage is known as Conventional, and the third stage is known as Post-Conventional.

How many main stages of moral development are there quizlet?

The six phases of moral growth proposed by Kohlberg.

What is Lawrence Kohlberg’s Preconventional stage?

The first stage of moral growth is known as preconventional morality, and it is the era in which conventional morality first emerges. It lasts until a child is around 9 years old. When children are this age, the expectations of adults and the penalties for disobeying the rules have a significant amount of influence over the decisions that they make.

  1. Within this level, there are two different stages:
    Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment This is one of the earliest phases of moral development, and it is most prevalent in young children;
  2. However, adults are also capable of articulating this kind of thinking;
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Stage 2: According to Kohlberg, those who have reached this level view regulations as being unchangeable and unquestionable. Because disobeying the rules allows one to avoid getting in trouble, doing so is a very vital thing to do. In the second stage, known as “individualism and exchange,” Children who have reached the individuality and exchange stage of moral development are able to consider the perspectives of others and evaluate behaviors according to the extent to which they satisfy individual requirements.

In which stage of Kohlberg’s stages of moral development are children most egocentric?

Pre-Conventional: The pre-conventional level of moral reasoning is notably prevalent in youngsters, although adults are capable of displaying this level of reasoning as well. Pre-Conventional reasoning is characterized by the following: At the pre-conventional level of reasoning, people evaluate the morality of an activity based on the immediate repercussions it has.

  1. The first and second phases of moral development belong to the pre-conventional level;
  2. These stages are characterized by an intense focus on the individual, leading to an egocentric orientation;
  3. The first level requires individuals to concentrate on the immediate repercussions that their actions will have for them personally;

For instance, a behavior is considered to be immoral if the person who is responsible for it suffers the consequences of their actions. When the consequences of an action are more severe, that behavior is seen to be a more serious offense. In addition, there is no awareness that the points of view held by others are in any way distinct from one’s own point of view.

  1. This phase has the potential to be characterized by authoritarianism;
  2. Right behavior is characterized by what is in one’s own best interest in this stage, with the “what’s in it for me” attitude being advocated by stage two’s adherents;

The second stage of reasoning demonstrates a little interest in the wants of others, but only to the point that it may enhance one’s own interests. For example, if you scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours. Stage three reasoning demonstrates no interest in the needs of others.

At this point, concern for others is not founded on either loyalty or an inherent regard for them. Because the pre-conventional stage does not have a viewpoint on society, this should not be mistaken with the social contract stage (stage five), as all activities are conducted to fulfill the wants or interests of the individual doing them.

When viewed via the lens of the stage two theorist, the viewpoint of the world is frequently understood to be ethically relativistic.

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Who developed a theory of moral development quizlet?

Developed further from the earlier work of cognitive theorist Jean Piaget to explain the progression of children’s moral development, which Piaget believed occurred in a sequence of phases. preconventional, conventional, and postconventional. You just studied 21 terms!.

What is the highest level of moral development according to Kohlberg?

Universal ethical standards are the focus of the sixth stage. At the sixth level, we operate according to a set of universal ethical norms. Everyone who was engaged must now defend themselves in front of the headmaster. First, he discusses the school’s policies and the rationale behind their establishment.

After that, he makes it clear that the regulations are only legitimate if they are founded on justice. An responsibility to disobey norms that are unfair comes along with the commitment to justice that one has.

Compassion is the highest and most important moral principle upheld by the headmaster. He is of the opinion that all people should get better at understanding each other’s points of view and ensuring that they don’t feel isolated by their emotions. He poses the question, “What are the general ethical foundations that support my conceptions of justice?”

What is the highest level of moral development according to Kohlberg?

Universal ethical standards are the focus of the sixth stage. At the sixth level, we operate according to a set of universal ethical norms. Everyone who was engaged must now defend themselves in front of the headmaster. First, he discusses the school’s policies and the rationale behind their establishment.

  • After that, he makes it clear that the regulations are only legitimate if they are founded on justice;
  • An responsibility to disobey norms that are unfair comes along with the commitment to justice that one has;

Compassion is the greatest and most important moral ideal upheld by the headmaster. He is of the opinion that all people should get better at understanding each other’s points of view and ensuring that they don’t feel isolated by their emotions. He poses the question, “What are the general ethical foundations that support my conceptions of justice?”