What Are The Three Levels Of Personal Moral Development Proposed By Laurence Kohlberg?
- Michael Davis
A number of questions, such as the following ones, were posed by Kohlberg: 1. Should Heinz have stolen the drug? 2. If Heinz did not love his wife, how would it affect their relationship? 3. What if the person who was passing away was a complete stranger? Would that change anything? 4.
If the woman were to pass away, should the police investigate the pharmacist for possible murder? By analyzing the responses of children of varying ages to similar questions, Kohlberg intended to get insight into the ways in which people’s moral reasoning developed throughout the course of their lives.
The sample consisted of 72 males from Chicago who were between the ages of 10 and 16 years old; of them, 58 were tracked at three-yearly intervals over a period of 20 years (Kohlberg, 1984). A two-hour interview centered on the 10 predicaments was conducted with each of the boys.
Kohlberg’s primary focus was not on whether the boys thought the conduct was appropriate or inappropriate; rather, he was interested in the reasons that they gave for their conclusion. He discovered that the children’s responses to these questions tended to shift as they grew older. Kohlberg distinguished between three separate stages of moral thinking, which he referred to as preconventional, conventional, and postconventional.
Each level is divided into two separate stages. Only in the sequence in which they are stated may anyone advance through these levels. With each succeeding stage, the reasoning that was typical of the stage before it is replaced by new reasoning. Not everyone makes it through all of the levels.
What are the three components of moral development?
“The ability to distinguish right from wrong, to act on this distinction, and to experience pride when we do the right things and guilt or shame when we do not,” is the definition of morality. Morality also refers to “the experience of pride when we do the right things and guilt or shame when we do not.” Piaget and Kohlberg have made important contributions to this field of research throughout their respective lifetimes.
- The study of morality has been broken down into three primary categories by developmental psychologists.
- These categories include the affective element, the cognitive element, and the behavioral aspect.
- The emotional reaction that one has to behaviors that may be either appropriate or inappropriate is what is meant by the affective component.
This refers to the sentimental aspect of morality, which encompasses both the sensation of guilt and the emotion of empathy. The cognitive component examines how individuals make judgments about what kinds of behaviors are appropriate based on how they apply social cognitive processes.
What are the 3 levels of moral dilemma?
The Theory of Developmental Change by Kohlberg Written by Saul McLeod and revised in 2013 According to Kohlberg’s thesis, there are three phases of moral growth, one for each of the three degrees of moral development that are proposed to exist. Kohlberg proposed that humans progress through these phases in a predetermined order and that moral comprehension is tied to cognitive growth.
- The preconventional, the conventional, and the postconventional stages of moral reasoning are the three levels of moral reasoning.
- Kohlberg demonstrated that the thought process behind a child’s decision was a more accurate reflection of their level of moral development than the decision itself by analyzing the replies children gave to a series of moral conundrums.
Piaget’s (1932) theory of moral development was something that Lawrence Kohlberg (1958) agreed with in principle, but Kohlberg sought to extend his views even further. He told them stories using Piaget’s approach for storytelling in order to present them with moral conundrums.
- In each scenario, he posed a decision that must be made, such as between the rights of some authority and the requirements of some deserving individual who is being treated unfairly.
- One of the stories written by Kohlberg in 1958 that has gained the most notoriety is the one about a man named Heinz who lived in Europe.
The particular form of cancer that Heinz’s wife was suffering from was terminal. The doctors thought a new medication would be able to rescue her. The medicine had been found by a local chemist, and the Heinz company tried very hard to get some of it. However, the chemist was demanding ten times the amount of money it cost to create the drug, which was far more than the Heinz company could afford to pay at the moment.
Even with the assistance of his family and friends, Heinz was only able to raise fifty percent of the required amount. He broke the news to the pharmacist that his wife was ill and requested if he could get the medication at a reduced price or if he could pay the remainder of the bill at a later date.
The chemist did not agree, citing the fact that he was the one who had developed the medication and intended to profit from it. Later that night, the husband broke into the pharmacy and grabbed the medication since he was so intent on reviving his wife that he was willing to do anything.